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Glossary

 

Technical Term

Definition

Affix

A bound morpheme, which joins a stem

Allomorph

A form of a morpheme varying in pronunciation (plural -s)

Antonym

Two words with an opposite meaning, but they share the same hypernym

Bound morpheme

A grammatical unit never occurring by itself. Instead it is always attached to another morpheme

Compound

A word with at least two roots (i.e. fire engine)

Concordance

Alphabetically ordered list of words, also showing their context

Definiendum

Has to be defined

Definiens

What a thing or word defines

Determiner

A modifier expressing the reference

Derivation

Process of adding an affix to form a new word

Dictionary 

A collection of texts which are defining words and things

Differentia Specifica

Specific differences

Encyclopedia

A book or set of books giving an overview about a topic

Free morpheme

A grammatical unit which can occur by itself

Genus Proximum

General kind of something

Hyperlink

A text connected with other texts in a electronically way

Hyper(o)nym

A superordinated word (e.g. dog is the hypernym of poodle)

Hyponym

A subordinated word (e.g. poodle is a hyponym of dog)

Inflection

Relates words to their contexts (e.g. Subject-verb-agreement), word class is not changed

KWIC concordance

“Keyword in Context”, a special kind of dictionary, Google is the world’s largest system using KWIC concordance

Lexeme

Smallest unit of language which can be semantically interpreted

Lexicon

A collection of words and knowledge

Macrostructure

The arrangement of lexical entries in the megastructure

Megastructure

Overall structure of a dictionary

Meronomy

A smaller unit that is related to a greater part

Mesostructure

The arrangement of lexical information

Metadata

Gives information about the dictionary to identify it

Metalanguage

To talk about language itself

Microstructure

The internal structure of an entry in the macrostructure

Modifier

A word which specifies the compound (e.g. arm in armchair)

Morpheme

Smallest unit of a word carrying meaning

Morphology

The study of word forms

Onomasiological dictionary

A dictionary where one is looking for a word

Phonetics

The study of human sounds

Phonology

Studies the sound system of a specific language

Polysemy

A word with many different meanings (i.e. bed as in river bed or room bed)

Prefix

An affix in front of a stem

Root

Is not reducible into more elements. Same as stem or base

Semantics

A meaning referring to the text

Semiological dictionary

Words ordered by alphabetical order, synonyms for this word

Semiotic Relations

Interpretation and realization relations

Semiotics

The study of signs

Structural Relations

Syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations

Suffix

An affix behind a stem

Synonym

Two words have the same meaning

Syntax

Formation of sentences

Table

A list of columns and rows

Taxonomy

Genus Proximum hierarchy

Text Theory 

Studying with a basic method a text

Thesaurus

Dictionary, taxonomy based hierarchy

Tokenisation

A text is split into word tokens

Website

Online document which is usually available for everyone

Word Formation

The study of how words are constructed

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